No one wants Sugar to be as bad as it is.

But don't take our word for it, read below and see what outcome you experience for yourself.

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50 (of 143 Ways) Sugar is Ruining Your Health

1. -  is an addictive substance.

2. -  can be intoxicating, similar to alcohol.

3. -  can aggravate premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

4. -  can decrease emotional stability.

5. -  promotes excessive food intake in obese people.

6. -  can worsen the symptoms of children with attention deficit disorder (add).

7. -  can slow the ability of the adrenal glands to function.

8. -  can cut off oxygen to the brain when given to people intravenously.

9. -  is a risk factor for lung cancer.

10. -  increases the risk of polio.

11. -  can cause epileptic seizures.

12. -  can increase systolic blood pressure (pressure when the heart is contracting).

13. -  can induce cell death.

14. -  can increase the amount of food that you eat.

15. -  can cause antisocial behavior in juvenile delinquents.

16. -  can lead to prostate cancer.

17. -  dehydrates newborns.

18. -  can cause women to give birth to babies with low birth weight.

19. -  is associated with a worse outcome of schizophrenia.

20. -  can raise homocysteine levels in the bloodstream.

21. -  increases the risk of breast cancer.

22. -  is a risk factor in small intestine cancer.

23. -  can cause laryngeal cancer.

24. -  induces salt and water retention.

25. -  can contribute to mild memory loss.

26. -  sugar water, when given to children shortly after birth, results in those children preferring sugar water to regular water throughout childhood.

27. -  causes constipation.

28. -  can cause brain decay in pre-diabetic and diabetic women.

29. -  can increase the risk of stomach cancer.

30. -  can cause metabolic syndrome.

31. -  increases neural tube defects in embryos when it is consumed by pregnant women.

32. -  can cause asthma.

33. -  increases the chances of getting irritable bowel syndrome.

34. -  can affect central reward systems.

35. -  can cause cancer of the rectum.

36. -  can cause endometrial cancer.

37. -  can cause renal (kidney) cell cancer.

38. -  can cause liver tumors.

39. -  can increase inflammatory markers in the bloodstreams of overweight people.

40. -  plays a role in the cause and the continuation of acne.

41. -  can ruin the sex life of both men and women by turning off the gene that controls the sex hormones.

42. -  can cause fatigue, moodiness, nervousness, and depression.

43. -  can make many essential nutrients less available to cells.

44. -  can increase uric acid in blood.

45. -  can lead to higher c-peptide concentrations.

46. -  causes inflammation.

47. -  can cause diverticulitis, a small bulging sac pushing outward from the colon wall that is inflamed.

48. -  can decrease testosterone production.

49. -  impairs spatial memory.

50. -  can cause cataracts.

 

 

 


51 MORE (of the 143 Ways) Sugar is Ruining Your Health

1. -  can decrease the amount of growth hormones in the body.

2. -  can increase cholesterol.

3. -  increases advanced glycation end products (ages), which form when bound non-enzymatically to protein.

4. -  can interfere with the absorption of protein.

5. -  causes food allergies.

6. -  can contribute to diabetes.

7. -  can cause toxemia during pregnancy.

8. -  can lead to eczema in children.

9. -  can cause cardiovascular disease.

10. -  can impair the structure of DNA.

11. -  can change the structure of protein.

12. -  can make the skin wrinkle by changing the structure of collagen.

13. -  can cause cataracts.

14. -  can cause emphysema.

15. -  can cause atherosclerosis.

16. -  can promote an elevation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL).

17. -  can impair the physiological homeostasis of many systems in the body.

18. -  lowers enzymes ability to function.

19. -  intake is associated with the development of Parkinson’s disease.

20. -  can increase the size of the liver by making the liver cells divide.

21. -  can increase the amount of liver fat.

22. -  can increase kidney size and produce pathological changes in the kidney.

23. -  can damage the pancreas.

24. -  can increase the body’s fluid retention.

25. -  is the number one enemy of the bowel movement.

26. -  can cause myopia (nearsightedness).

27. -  can compromise the lining of the capillaries.

28. -  can make tendons more brittle.

29. -  can cause headaches, including migraines.

30. -  plays a role in pancreatic cancer in women.

31. -  can adversely affect children’s grades in school.

32. -  can cause depression.

33. -  increases the risk of gastric cancer.

34. -  can cause dyspepsia (indigestion).

35. -  can increase the risk of developing gout.

36. -  can increase the levels of glucose in the blood much higher than complex carbohydrates in a glucose tolerance test can.

37. -  reduces learning capacity.

38. -  can cause two blood proteins – albumin and lipoproteins – to function less effectively, which may reduce the body’s ability to handle fat and cholesterol.

39. -  can contribute to Alzheimer’s disease.

40. -  can cause platelet adhesiveness, which causes blood clots.

41. -  can cause hormonal imbalance – some hormones become underactive and others become overactive.

42. -  can lead to the formation of kidney stones.

43. -  can cause free radicals and oxidative stress.

44. -  can lead to biliary tract cancer.

45. -  increases the risk of pregnant adolescents delivering a small-for-gestational-age (sga) infant.

46. -  can lead to a substantial decrease the in the length of pregnancy among adolescents.

47. -  slows food’s travel time through the gastrointestinal tract.

48. -  increases the concentration of bile acids in stool and bacterial enzymes in the colon, which can modify bile to produce cancer-causing compounds and colon cancer.

49. -  increases estradiol (the most potent form of naturally occurring estrogen) in men.

50. -  combines with and destroys phosphatase, a digestive enzyme, which makes digestion more difficult.

51. -  can be a risk factor for gallbladder cancer.

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Another 42 (of the 143 Ways) Sugar is Ruining Your Health

1. -  can suppress your immune system.

2. -  upsets the mineral relationships in the body.

3. -  can cause juvenile delinquency in children.

4. -  eaten during pregnancy and lactation can influence muscle force production in offspring, which can affect an individual’s ability to exercise.

5. -  in soda, when consumed by children, results in the children drinking less milk.

6. -  can elevate glucose and insulin responses and return them to fasting levels slower in oral contraceptive users.

7. -  can increase reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can damage cells and tissues.

8. -  can cause hyperactivity, anxiety, inability to concentrate and crankiness in children.

9. -  can produce a significant rise in triglycerides.

10. -  reduces the body’s ability to defend against bacterial infection.

11. -  causes a decline in tissue elasticity and function, the more you eat, the more elasticity and function you lose.

12. -  reduces high-density lipoproteins (RDL).

13. -  can lead to chromium deficiency.

14. -  can lead to ovarian cancer.

15. -  can increase fasting levels of glucose.

16. -  causes copper deficiency.

17. -  interferes with the body’s absorption of calcium and magnesium.

18. -  may make eyes more vulnerable to age-related macular degeneration.

19. -  raises the level of neurotransmitters: dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine.

20. -  can cause hypoglycemia.

21. -  can lead to an acidic digestive tract.

22. -  can cause a rapid rise of adrenaline levels in children.

23. -  is frequently malabsorbed in patients with functional bowel disease.

24. -  can cause premature aging.

25. -  can lead to alcoholism.

26. -  can cause tooth decay.

27. -  can lead to obesity.

28. -  increases the risk of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.

29. -  can cause gastric or duodenal ulcers.

30. -  can cause arthritis.

31. -  can cause learning disorders in school children.

32. -  assists the uncontrolled growth of candida albicans (yeast infections).

33. -  can cause gallstones.

34. -  can cause heart disease.

35. -  can cause appendicitis.

36. -  can cause hemorrhoids.

37. -  can cause varicose veins.

38. -  can lead to periodontal disease.

39. -  can contribute to osteoporosis.

40. -  contributes to saliva acidity.

41. -  can cause a decrease in insulin sensitivity.

42. -  can lower the amount of vitamin E in the blood.

Citations

1. Sanchez, A, et al. “Role of Sugars in Human Neutrophilic Phagocytosis.” Am J Clin Nutr. Nov 1973; 261: 1180-1184.

2. Bernstein, L et al. “Depression of Lymphocyte Transformation Following Oral Glucose Ingestion.” Am J Clin Nutr. 1997; 30: 613.

3. Schauss, A. Diet, Crime and Delinquency. (Berkley, CA: Parker House, 1981).

4. Bayol, S.A “Evidence that a Maternal ‘Junk Food’ Diet during Pregnancy and Lactation Can Reduce Muscle Force in Offspring.” Eur J Nutr. Dec 19, 2008.

5. Rajeshwari, R, et al. “Secular Trends in Children’s Sweetened-beverage Consumption (1973 to 1994): The Bogalusa Heart Study.” J Am Diet Assoc. Feb 2005; 105(2): 208-214.

6. Behall, K. “Influence of Estrogen Content of Oral Contraceptives and Consumption of Sucrose on Blood Parameters.” Disease Abstracts International.1982; 431-437. POPLINE Document Number: 013114.

7. Mohanty, P., et al. “Glucose Challenge Stimulates Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) Generation by Leucocytes.” J Clin Endocrin Metab. Aug 2000; 85(8): 2970-2973.

Couzy, F., et al. “Nutritional Implications of the Interaction Minerals.”Progressive Food & Nutrition Science. 1933; 17: 65-87.

8. Goldman, L et al. “Behavioral Effects of Sucrose on Preschool Children.” J Abnorm Child Psy. 1986; 14(4): 565-577.

9. Scanto, S. and Yudkin, J. “The Effect of Dietary Sucrose on Blood Lipids, Serum Insulin, Platelet Adhesiveness and Body Weight in Human Volunteers.” Postgrad Med J. 1969; 45: 602-607.

10. Ringsdorf, w., Cheraskin, E., and Ramsay. R “Sucrose, Neutrophilic Phagocytosis and Resistance to Disease.” Dental Survey. 1976; 52(12): 46-48.

11. Cerami, A, et al. “Glucose and Aging.” Scientific American. May 1987: 90.

Lee, A T. and Cerami, A “The Role of Glycation in Aging.” Annals N Y Acad Sci. 663: 63-67.

12. Albrink, M. and Ullrich, LH. “Interaction of Dietary Sucrose and Fiber on Serum Lipids in Healthy Young Men Fed High Carbohydrate Diets.” Clin Nutr.1986;43: 419-428.

Pamplona, R, et al. “Mechanisms of Glycation in Atherogenesis.” Medical Hypotheses. Mar 1993; 40(3): 174-81.

13. Kozlovsky, A, et al. “Effects of Diets High in Simple Sugars on Urinary Chromium Losses.” Metabolism. Jun 1986; 35: 515-518.

14. Takahashi, E. Tohoku, University School of Medicine. Wholistic Health Digest. Oct 1982: 41.

15. Kelsay, L et al. “Diets High in Glucose or Sucrose and Young Women.” Am J Clin Nutr. 1974; 27: 926-936.

Thomas, B. L et al. “Relation of Habitual Diet to Fasting Plasma Insulin Concentration and the Insulin Response to Oral Glucose.” Hum Nutr Clin Nutr. 1983; 36C(1): 49-51.

16. Fields, M., et al. “Effect of Copper Deficiency on Metabolism and Mortality in Rats Fed Sucrose or Starch Diets.” Am J Clin Nutr. 1983; 113: 1335-1345.

17. Lemann, J. “Evidence that Glucose Ingestion Inhibits Net Renal Tubular Reabsorption of Calcium and Magnesium.” Am J Clin Nutr. 1976; 70: 236-245.

18. Chiu, C. “Association between Dietary Glycemic Index and Age-related Macular Degeneration in Nondiabetic Participants in the Age-Related Eye Disease Study.” Am J Clin Nutr. Jul 2007; 86: 180-188.

19. “Sugar, White Flour Withdrawal Produces Chemical Response.” The Addiction Letter. Jul1992: 4.

20. Dufty, William. Sugar Blues. (New York: Warner Books, 1975).

21. Ibid.

22. Jones, T.W., et al. “Enhanced Adrenomedullary Response and Increased Susceptibility to Neuroglygopenia: Mechanisms Underlying the Adverse Effect of Sugar Ingestion in Children.” J Ped. Feb 1995; 126: 171-177.

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23. Ibid.

24. Lee, A. T. and Cerami, A. “The Role of Glycation in Aging.” Annals NY Acad Sci. 1992; 663: 63-70.

25. Abrahamson, E. and Peget, A. Body, Mind and Sugar. (New York: Avon, 1977).

26. Glinsmann, w., et al. “Evaluation of Health Aspects of Sugar Contained in Carbohydrate Sweeteners.” FDA Report of Sugars Task Force. 1986: 39.

Makinen, K.K., et al. “A Descriptive Report of the Effects of a 16-month Xylitol Chewing-Gum Programme Subsequent to a 40-Month Sucrose Gum Programme.”Caries Res. 1998; 32(2): 107-12.

Riva Touger-Decker and Cor van Loveren, “Sugars and Dental Caries.” Am J Clin Nutr. Oct 2003; 78: 881-892.

27. Keen, H., et al. “Nutrient Intake, Adiposity and Diabetes.” Brit Med J. 1989; 1: 655-658.

28. Tragnone, A, et al. “Dietary Habits as Risk Factors for Inflammatory Bowel Disease.” Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. Jan 1995; 7(1): 47-51.

29. Yudkin, J. Sweet and Dangerous. (New York: Bantam Books: 1974) 129.

30. Darlington, L., and Ramsey. et al. “Placebo-Controlled, Blind Study of Dietary Manipulation Therapy in Rheumatoid Arthritis,” Lancet. Feb 1986; 8475(1): 236-238.

31. Schauss, A. Diet, Crime and Delinquency. (Berkley, CA: Parker House, 1981).

32. Crook, W. J. The Yeast Connection. (TN: Professional Books, 1984).

33. Heaton, K. “The Sweet Road to Gallstones.” Brit Med J. Apr 14, 1984; 288: 1103-1104.

Misciagna, G., et al. “Insulin and Gallstones.” Am J Clin Nutr. 1999; 69: 120-126.

34. Yudkin, J. “Sugar Consumption and Myocardial Infarction.” Lancet. Feb 6, 1971; 1(7693): 296-297.

Chess, D.J., et al. “Deleterious Effects of Sugar and Protective Effects of Starch on Cardiac Remodeling, Contractile Dysfunction, and Mortality in Response to Pressure Overload.” Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. Sep 2007; 293(3): H1853-H1860.

35. Cleave, T. The Saccharine Disease. (New Canaan, CT: Keats Publishing, 1974).

36. Ibid.

37. Cleave, T. and Campbell, G. Diabetes, Coronary Thrombosis and the Saccharine Disease. (Bristol, England: John Wright and Sons, 1960).

38. Glinsmann, W., et al. “Evaluation of Health Aspects of Sugar Contained in Carbohydrate Sweeteners.” F.D.A. Report of Sugars Task Force. 1986; 39: 36-38.

39. Tjiiderhane, L. and Larmas, M. “A High Sucrose Diet Decreases the Mechanical Strength of Bones in Growing Rats.” J Nutr. 1998; 128: 1807-1810.

40. Wilson, RE and Ashley, EP. “The Effects of Experimental Variations in Dietary Sugar Intake and Oral Hygiene on the Biochemical Composition and pH of Free Smooth-surface and Approximal Plaque.” J Dent Res. Jun 1988; 67(6): 949-953.

41. Beck-Nielsen, H., et al. “Effects of Diet on the Cellular Insulin Binding and the Insulin Sensitivity in Young Healthy Subjects.” Diabetes. 1978; 15: 289-296.

42. Mohanty, P., et al. “Glucose Challenge Stimulates Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) Generation by Leucocytes.” J Clin Endocrin Metab. Aug 2000; 85(8): 2970-2973.

43. Gardner, L. and Reiser, S. “Effects of Dietary Carbohydrate on Fasting Levels of Human Growth Hormone and Cortisol.” Proc Soc Exp Bioi Med. 1982; 169: 36-40.

44. Ma, Y, et al. “Association Between Carbohydrate Intake and Serum Lipids.” J Am Coli Nutr. Apr 2006; 25(2): 155-163.

45. Furth, A and Harding, J. “Why Sugar Is Bad For You.” New Scientist. Sep 23, 1989; 44.

46. Lee, AT. and Cerami, A “Role of Glycation in Aging.” Annals N Y Acad Sci. Nov 21,1992; 663: 63-70.

47. Appleton, N. Lick the Sugar Habit. (New York: Avery Penguin Putnam, 1988).

48. Henriksen, H. B. and Kolset, S.O. Tidsslcr Nor Laegeforen. Sep 6, 2007; 127(17): 2259-62.

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49. Cleave, T. The Saccharine Disease. (New Canaan, CT: Keats Publishing, 1974).

50. Ibid., at 132.

51. Vaccaro, 0., et al. “Relationship of Postload Plasma Glucose to Mortality with 19 Year Follow-up.” Diabetes Care. Oct 15,1992; 10: 328-334.

Tominaga, M., et al, “Impaired Glucose Tolerance Is a Risk Factor for Cardiovascular Disease, but Not Fasting Glucose.” Diabetes Care. 1999; 2(6): 920-924.

52. Lee, A T. and Cerami, A “Modifications of Proteins and Nucleic Acids by Reducing Sugars: Possible Role in Aging.” Handbook of the Biology of Aging. (New York: Academic Press, 1990).

53. Monnier, V. M. “Nonenzymatic Glycosylation, the Maillard Reaction and the Aging Process.” J Ger. 1990; 45(4): 105-110.

54. Dyer, D. G., et al. “Accumulation of Maillard Reaction Products in Skin Collagen in Diabetes and Aging.” J Clin Invest. 1993; 93(6): 421-422.

55. Veromann, S., et al. “Dietary Sugar and Salt Represent Real Risk Factors for Cataract Development.” Ophthalmologica. Jul-Aug 2003; 217(4): 302-307.

56. Monnier, V. M. “Nonenzymatic Glycosylation, the Maillard Reaction and the Aging Process.” J Ger. 1990; 45(4): 105-110.

57. Schmidt, AM., et al. “Activation of Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products: a Mechanism for Chronic Vascular Dysfunction in Diabetic Vasculopathy and Atherosclerosis.” Circ Res. Mar 1999; 1984(5): 489-97.

58. Lewis, G. F. and Steiner, G. “Acute Effects of Insulin in the Control of VLDL Production in Humans. Implications for The Insulin-resistant State.” Diabetes Care. Apr 1996; 19(4): 390-393.

R. Pamplona, M.J., et al. “Mechanisms of Glycation in Atherogenesis.” Medical Hypotheses. 1990; 40: 174-181.

59. Ceriello, A “Oxidative Stress and Glycemic Regulation.” Metabolism. Feb 2000; 49(2 Suppl1): 27-29.

60. Appleton, Nancy. Lick the Sugar Habit. (New York: Avery Penguin Putnam, 1988).

61. Hellenbrand, W., et al. “Diet and Parkinson’s Disease. A Possible Role for the Past Intake of Specific Nutrients. Results from a Self-administered Food-frequency Questionnaire in a Case-control Study.” Neurology. Sep 1996; 47: 644-650.

Cerami, A, et al. “Glucose and Aging.” Sci Am. May 1987: 90.

62. Goulart, F. S. “Are You Sugar Smart?” American Fitness. Mar-Apr 1991: 34-38.

63. Scribner, K.B., et al. “Hepatic Steatosis and Increased Adiposity in Mice Consuming Rapidly vs. Slowly Absorbed Carbohydrate.” Obesity. 2007; 15: 2190-2199.

64. Yudkin, L Kang, S., and Bruckdorfer, K. “Effects of High Dietary Sugar.” Brit Med J. Nov 22, 1980; 1396.

65. Goulart, F. S. “Are You Sugar Smart?” American Fitness. Mar-Apr 1991: 34-38

66. Ibid.

67. Ibid.

68. Ibid.

69. Ibid.

70. Nash, J. “Health Contenders.” Essence. Jan 1992; 23: 79-81.

71. Grand, E. “Food Allergies and Migraine.” Lancet. 1979; 1: 955-959.

72. Michaud, D. “Dietary Sugar, Glycemic Load, and Pancreatic Cancer Risk in a Prospective Study.” J Natl Cancer Inst. Sep 4, 2002; 94(17): 1293-300.

73. Schauss, A. Diet, Crime and Delinquency. (Berkley, CA: Parker House, 1981).

74. Peet, M. “International Variations in the Outcome of Schizophrenia and the Prevalence of Depression in Relation to National Dietary Practices: An Ecological Analysis.” Brit J Psy. 2004; 184: 404-408.

75. Cornee, L et al. “A Case-control Study of Gastric Cancer and Nutritional Factors in Marseille, France.” Eur J Epid. 1995; 11: 55-65.

76. Yudkin, J. Sweet and Dangerous. (New York: Bantam Books, 1974).

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77. Ibid., at 44.

78. Reiser, S., et al. “Effects of Sugars on Indices on Glucose Tolerance in Humans.” Am J Clin Nutr. 1986: 43; 151-159.

79. Ibid.

Molteni, R, et al. “A High-fat, Refined Sugar Diet Reduces Hippocampal Brainderived Neurotrophic Factor, Neuronal Plasticity, and Learning.”NeuroScience. 2002; 112(4): 803-814.

80. Monnier, v., “Nonenzymatic Glycosylation, the Maillard Reaction and the Aging Process.” J Ger. 1990; 45: 105-111.

81. Frey, J. “Is There Sugar in the Alzheimer’s Disease?” Annales De Biologie Clinique. 2001; 59(3): 253-257.

82. Yudkin, J. “Metabolic Changes Induced by Sugar in Relation to Coronary Heart Disease and Diabetes.” Nutr Health. 1987; 5(1-2): 5-8.

83. Ibid.

84. Blacklock, N.J., “Sucrose and Idiopathic Renal Stone.” Nutr Health. 1987; 5(1-2):9-12.

Curhan, G., et al. “Beverage Use and Risk for Kidney Stones in Women.” Ann Inter Med. 1998; 28: 534-340.

85. Ceriello, A “Oxidative Stress and Glycemic Regulation.” Metabolism. Feb 2000; 49(2 Suppl1): 27-29.

86. Moerman, C. L et al. “Dietary Sugar Intake in the Etiology of Biliary Tract Cancer.” Inter J Epid. Apr 1993; 2(2): 207-214.

87. Lenders, C. M. “Gestational Age and Infant Size at Birth Are Associated with Dietary Intake among Pregnant Adolescents.” J Nutr. Jun 1997; 1113-1117.

88. Ibid.

89.Yudkin, J. and Eisa, O. “Dietary Sucrose and Oestradiol Concentration in Young Men.” Ann Nutr Metab. 1988; 32(2): 53-55.

90. Bostick, RM., et al. “Sugar, Meat, and Fat Intake and Non-dietary Risk Factors for Colon Cancer Incidence in Iowa Women.” Cancer Causes & Control. 1994; 5: 38-53.

Kruis, w., et al. “Effects of Diets Low and High in Refined Sugars on Gut Transit, Bile Acid Metabolism and Bacterial Fermentation.” Gut. 1991; 32: 367-370.

Ludwig, D. S., et al. “High Glycemic Index Foods, Overeating, And Obesity.”Pediatrics. Mar 1999; 103(3): 26-32.

91. Yudkin, J. and Eisa, O. “Dietary Sucrose and Oestradiol Concentration in Young Men.” Ann Nutr Metab. 1988; 32(2): 53-55.

92. Lee, AT. and Cerami, A “The Role of Glycation in Aging.” Annals N Y Acad Sci. 1992; 663: 63-70.

93. Moerman, c., et al.”Dietary Sugar Intake in the Etiology of Gallbladder Tract Cancer.” Inter J Epid. Apr 1993; 22(2): 207-214.

94. Avena, N.M. “Evidence for Sugar Addiction: Behavioral and Nuerochemical Effects of Intermittent, Excessive Sugar Intake.” Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2008; 32(1): 20-39.

Colantuoni, c., et al. “Evidence That Intermittent, Excessive Sugar Intake Cause Endogenous Opioid Dependence.” Obesity. Jun 2002; 10(6): 478-488.

95. Ibid.

96. The Edell Health Letter. Sep 1991; 7: 1.

97. Christensen, L., et al. “Impact of A Dietary Change on Emotional Distress.” J Abnorm Psy. 1985; 94(4): 565-79.

98. Ludwig, D.S., et al. “High Glycemic Index Foods, Overeating and Obesity.”Pediatrics. Mar 1999; 103(3): 26-32.

99. Girardi, N.L.” Blunted Catecholamine Responses after Glucose Ingestion in Children with Attention Deficit Disorder.” Pediatr Res. 1995; 38: 539-542.

Berdonces, J.L. “Attention Deficit and Infantile Hyperactivity.” Rev Enferm. Jan 2001; 4(1): 11-4.

100. Lechin, E, et al. “Effects of an Oral Glucose Load on Plasma Neurotransmitters in Humans.” Neuropsychobiology. 1992; 26(1-2): 4-11.

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101. Arieff, AI. “IVs of Sugar Water Can Cut Off Oxygen to the Brain.” Veterans Administration Medical Center in San Francisco. San Jose Mercury. Jun 12/86.

102. De Stefani, E. “Dietary Sugar and Lung Cancer: a Case Control Study in Uruguay.” Nutr Cancer. 1998; 31(2): 132-7.

103. Sandler, B.P. Diet Prevents Polio. (Milwakuee, WI: The Lee Foundation for Nutr Research,1951).

104. Murphy, P. “The Role of Sugar in Epileptic Seizures.” Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients. May 2001.

105. Stern, N. and Tuck, M. “Pathogenesis of Hypertension in Diabetes Mellitus.”Diabetes Mellitus, a Fundamental and Clinical Test. 2nd Edition. (Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000) 943-957.

Citation Preuss, H.G., et al. “Sugar-Induced Blood Pressure Elevations Over the Lifespan of Three Substrains of Wistar Rats.” J Am Coli Nutr. 1998; 17(1): 36-37.

106. Christansen, D. “Critical Care: Sugar Limit Saves Lives.” Science News. Jun 30, 2001; 159: 404.

Donnini, D., et al. “Glucose May Induce Cell Death through a Free Radicalmediated Mechanism.” Biochem Biophys Res Commun. Feb 15, 1996; 219(2): 412-417.

107. Levine, AS., et al. “Sugars and Fats: The Neurobiology of Preference” J Nutr. 2003; 133: 831S-834S.

108. Schoenthaler, S. “The Los Angeles Probation Department Diet-Behavior Program: Am Empirical Analysis of Six Institutional Settings.” Int J Biosocial Res. 5(2): 88-89.

109. Deneo-Pellegrini H., et al. “Foods, Nutrients and Prostate Cancer: a Casecontrol Study in Uruguay.” Br J Cancer. May 1999; 80(3-4): 591-7.

110. “Gluconeogenesis in Very Low Birth Weight Infants Receiving Total Parenteral Nutrition.” Diabetes. Apr 1999; 48(4): 791-800.

111. Lenders, C. M. “Gestational Age and Infant Size at Birth Are Associated with Dietary Intake Among Pregnant Adolescents.” J Nutr. 1998; 128: 807-1810.

112. Peet, M. “International Variations in the Outcome of Schizophrenia and the Prevalence of Depression in Relation to National Dietary Practices: An Ecological Analysis.” Brit J Psy. 2004; 184: 404-408.

113. Fonseca, v., et al. “Effects of a High-fat-sucrose Diet on Enzymes in Homosysteine Metabolism in the Rat.” Metabolism. 2000; 49: 736-41.

114. Potischman, N., et al. “Increased Risk of Early-stage Breast Cancer Related to Consumption of Sweet Foods Among Women Less than Age 45 in the United States.” Cancer Causes & Control. Dec 2002; 13(10): 937-46.

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